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There is a nexus between effective public administration and development of societies. Scholars have argued that Public Administration is a strategic factor in economic and social development and determines the success of any development plan.

There is a nexus between effective public administration and development of societies. Scholars have argued that Public Administration is a strategic factor in economic and social development and determines the success of any development plan.

The inadequacy of administration in many countries have been identified as an obstacle to development hence the need for Public Administration Reform.
The need for Public Administration Reform is widespread across the world such that the United Nations Development Project (UNDP) supports 380 projects in 112 countries covering various aspects of Public Administration Reform. Indeed, it has been estimated that 80 percent of the plans of the world are incapable of being fulfilled because of poor administration. Scholars are in agreement that for public administration to deliver on development, it should live up to the Weberian image of efficiency, rationality, specialization, non-partisanship and non-political bureaucratic hierarchy. Unfortunately, the image that we see in many developing countries is that of corruption, irrationality and incompetence.
It is well established that development is about improving the quality of life of citizens. Meanwhile, the major function of public administration is to provide services including health, education, transport, waste disposal, issuing licenses, providing information, providing internal security, regulation and enforcement of legal duties. Indeed, public administration helps to provide enabling environment for economic growth and prosperity for citizens as well as securing and strengthening democratic institutions, systems and mechanisms. But in Nigeria, there are huge challenges with public administration. It is no longer news that there is dysfunction in Public Administration in Nigeria leading to failures in service delivery, a lack of accountability and poor performance of the machinery of government.  The cost of governance is very high with the federal government spending over 70 percent of its total budget on recurrent expenditure. There are huge challenges of policy planning and co-ordination. The structures and systems in the public sector are not delivering services efficiently and effectively to the citizens of Nigeria. There is a huge capacity gap in the public sector and the ministries, department and agencies are not working optimally. The budgetary process is marked with a lot of challenges and there is hardly any year when the budget has been passed in the first month of the year.
As we transit from the MDGs to the SDGs, there is a great need for Public Administration reform in Nigeria. There is the need for concrete strategies and plans for improved policy and planning co-ordination, improved human resource management structures, systems and skills and improved budget transparency, consultation, oversight and credibility. In this regard, it is important to give priority to planning. Indeed, no plan should be made without consideration of its public administration implications. Any plan too ambitious for its administration context will fail. It is clear that plans do not implement themselves. The condition of public administration determines what kind of plan will work. In addition, there is the need to take on board the lessons from the implementation of the MDGs and have focus on development. The achievement of the SGDs should not be made the responsibility of an office but all levels of government. In this regard, there is the need to incorporate the SDGs into a national strategic plan which is needed urgently in the country. This should be followed with concrete policies, programmes and projects to achieve the SDGs. In all of these, there is the need to focus on the big issues of inequality and social justice.
Finally, the challenge of development is a huge one facing many nations including Nigeria. For development to take place in any country requires effective public administration. But there are problems with public administration in Nigeria. Therefore, as we transit from the MDGs to the SDGs, there is a great need for Public Administration Reform in Nigeria.

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